When Does Steno Provide an Audio Recording?

Understanding Steno’s audio recording policy for court reporters

Technology developed for computer-aided translation software allows for the simultaneous digital audio recording of judicial proceedings, often referred to as audio synchronization or backup audio media.

While court rules give specific guidelines and requirements regarding video recordings, there’s no guidance regarding audio recordings. The National Court Reporters Association (NCRA) altered their Code of Professional Ethics General Guidelines to address backup audio material

To ensure the integrity of any backup audio material, the court reporter must comply with any applicable local, state, and federal guidelines.

Additionally, the court reporter’s responsibility to preserve the official record does not change because of backup audio material.

Understanding Steno’s Audio Recording Policy

Our goal is to provide you with a complimentary audio backup for all your jobs with Steno. However, we cannot always guarantee this resource. 

The table below explains when we can provide you with an audio recording of a proceeding:

Proceeding Location

Audio Provided

Remote via Steno Connect, or Zoom


Hybrid with a Steno Connect or Zoom connection




Regional Considerations

There are some regions where depositions are not typically recorded, such as in the Northeast U.S. For these jobs, Steno will not provide an audio backup.

We encourage our reporters to always record their own backup audio as a precaution.